COVID Pause Papers

COVID Pause Papers

See also for acoustic data compilation for 8 sites over the COVID-19 pandemic period.

Peer-reviewed Papers on the Effects of the COVID 19 Pandemic on Ocean Sound


  1. Robinson, S., P. Harris, S.‑H. Cheong, L. Wang, V. Livina, G. Haralabus, M. Zampolli and P. Nielsen. 2023. Impact of the COVID‑19 pandemic on levels of deep‑ocean acoustic noise. Scientific Reports 13:4631,
  2. Petrizzo, A. et al. 2023. First assessment of underwater sound levels in the Northern Adriatic Sea at the basin scale. Scientific Data 10:137,
  3. Stevens, P.E., V. Allen, and J.N. Bruck. 2023. A Quieter Ocean: Experimentally Derived Differences in Attentive Responses of Tursiops truncatus to Anthropogenic Noise Playbacks before and during the COVID-19-Related Anthropause. Animals 13: 1269,


  1. Chahouri, A., N. Elouahmani, and H. Ouchene. 2022. Recent progress in marine noise pollution: A thorough review. Chemosphere 291(2):132983,

  2. Jalkanen, J.-P., L. Johansson, M.H. Andersson, E. Majamäki, E., and P. Sigray. 2022. Underwater noise emissions from ships during 2014–2020, Environmental Pollution doi:

  3. Longden, E.G. D. Gillespie, D. A. Mann, K. A. McHugh, A. M. Rycyk, R. S. Wells, P. L. Tyack; Comparison of the marine soundscape before and during the COVID-19 pandemic in dolphin habitat in Sarasota Bay, FL. J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 152(6):3170–3185.

  4. Miksis-Olds, J.L.  B.S. Martin, K. Lowell, C. Verlinden, and K.D. Heaney. 2022. Minimal COVID-19 quieting measured in the deep offshore waters of the U.S. Outer Continental Shelf. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America Express Letters. 2(9):090801,

  5. Smith, K.B., P Leary, T. Deal, J. Joseph, J. Ryan, C. Miller, C Dawe, and B. Cray. 2022. Acoustic vector sensor analysis of the Monterey Bay region soundscape and the impact of COVID-19. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 151:2507,


  1. Basan, F., J.-G. Fischer, and D. Kühnel. 2021. Soundscapes in the German Baltic Sea before and during the Covid-19 pandemic. Front. Mar. Sci. 8:689860. doi: 10.3389/fmars.2021.689860
  2. Bertucci, F., D. Lecchini, C. Greeven, R.M. Brooker, L. Minier, S. Cordonnier, M. Rene-Trouillefou, and E. Parmentier. 2021. Changes to an urban marina soundscape associated with COVID-19 lockdown in Guadeloupe. Environmental Pollution 289:119898,
  3. Breeze, H., S. Li, E.C. Marotte, J.A. Theriault, J. Wingfield, and J. Xu. 2021. Changes in underwater noise and vessel traffic in the approaches to Halifax Harbor, Nova Scotia, Canada. Front. Mar. Sci. 8:674788. doi: 10.3389/fmars.2021.674788
  4. Dahl, P.H., D.R. Dall'Osto, and M.J. Harrington. 2021.Trends in low-frequency underwater noise off the Oregon coast and impacts of COVID-19 pandemic. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 149:4073;
  5. De Clippele, L.H., and D. Risch. 2021. Measuring sound at a cold-water coral reef to assess the impact of COVID-19 on noise pollution. Front. Mar. Sci. 8:674702. doi: 10.3389/fmars.2021.674702
  6. Dunn, C., J. Theriault, L. Hickmott, and D. Claridge. 2021. Slower ship speed in the Bahamas due to COVID-19 produces a dramatic reduction in ocean sound levels. Front. Mar. Sci. 8:673565. doi: 10.3389/fmars.2021.673565
  7. Fournet, M.E., L.P. Matthews, and C. Gabriele. 2021. The impact of the “Anthropause” on the communication and acoustic habitat of Southeast Alaskan humpback whales. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 149(4):A136,
  8. Gabriele, C.M., D.W. Ponirakis, and H. Klinck. 2021. Underwater sound levels in Glacier Bay during reduced vessel traffic due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Front. Mar. Sci. 8:674787. doi: 10.3389/fmars.2021.674787
  9. Leon-Lopez, B., Eduardo Romero-Vivas, and L. Viloria-Gomora. 2021. Reduction of roadway noise in a coastal city underwater soundscape during COVID-19 confinement. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 149:652;
  10. Pine, M.K., L. Wilson, A.G. Jeffs, L. McWhinnie, F. Juanes, A. Scuderi, et al. 2021. A Gulf in lockdown: how an enforced ban on recreational vessels increased dolphin and fish communication ranges. Glob. Change Biol. 27:4839–4848. doi: 10.1111/gcb.15798
  11. Ryan, J.P., J.E. Joseph, T. Margolina, L.T. Hatch, A. Azzara, A. Reyes, B.L. Southall, A. DeVogelaere, L.E. Peavey Reeves, Y. Zhang, D.E. Cline, B. Jones, P. McGill, S. Baumann-Pickering, and A.K. Stimpert. 2021. Reduction of low-frequency vessel noise in Monterey Bay National Marine Sanctuary during the COVID-19 pandemic. Front. Mar. Sci. 8:656566. doi: 10.3389/fmars.2021.656566
  12. Sertlek, H.Ö. 2021. Hindcasting soundscapes before and during the COVID-19 pandemic in selected areas of the North Sea and the Adriatic Sea. J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 9:702. jmse9070702 


  1. Thomson, D.J.M., and D.R. Barclay. 2020. Real-time observations of the impact of COVID-19 on underwater noise. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 147:3390;