Solutions @ Underwater Radiated Noise (SATURN)

SATURN will advance knowledge of acute and cumulative effects of ship noise on water species (fishes, invertebrates and aquatic mammals), develop standards for terminology, metrics and signals, establish a stakeholder group from across the range of relevant disciplines, identify, quantify and validate any negative impacts from shipping and boats, and assess suitable mitigation measures for reducing environmental impact from underwater noise from a policy and commercial perspective. The science plan includes dose-response studies on fishes and invertebrates, in-situ behavioral studies on aquatic mammals, development of on-board quiet ship technology, standardization, a case study of major ship re-routing in the Kattegat, and a quiet ship stakeholder board.