Acoustic and photographic monitoring of coastal maritime traffic: Influence on the soundscape

TitleAcoustic and photographic monitoring of coastal maritime traffic: Influence on the soundscape
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2020
AuthorsMagnier, Caroline, and Gervaise Cédric
JournalThe Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
Volume147
Pagination3749-3757
EndNote Rec Number13179
Abstract

Due to the absence of Automatic Identification System data (used by 3.7% of the Calvi bay fleet), the acoustic monitoring of coastal environments presents difficulties. A specific visual monitoring protocol has been set up on a photographic observatory using the wide-angle camera GoPro®. The detection and localization of boats were carried by two image processing algorithms and allowed the creation of a map of maritime traffic for a surface of 3.48 km2. The ocean noise is described through two different scales (the individual scale and the global scale) which are linked to the traffic information. The Sound Pressure Level characterizes the individual sources and correlates with the distance of the nearest ship, whereas the Ambient Noise Level characterizes the background without individual sources and correlates with the number of boats present. A high spatial and seasonal variability due to coastal maritime traffic is observed in the broadband [100 Hz–30 kHz]. Closest to the traffic, the acoustic is punctuated by diel patterns of biological sounds and the use patterns of the boaters. In spite of an important diurnal flotilla (more than 550 boats per day), the nocturnal activity of fish remains an important element on the soundscape (average and median levels higher during the night).