Behavioral response of manatees to variations in environmental sound levels

TitleBehavioral response of manatees to variations in environmental sound levels
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2011
AuthorsMiksis-Olds, Jennifer L., and Wagner Tyler
JournalMarine Mammal Science
ISBN Number1748-7692
EndNote Rec Number8506
KeywordsActivity budget, ambient sound, behavior, Manatee, noise, sirenia, trichechus manatus latirostris

Abstract Florida manatees (Trichechus manatus latirostris) inhabit coastal regions because they feed on the aquatic vegetation that grows in shallow waters, which are the same areas where human activities are greatest. Noise produced from anthropogenic and natural sources has the potential to affect these animals by eliciting responses ranging from mild behavioral changes to extreme aversion. Sound levels were calculated from recordings made throughout behavioral observation periods. An information theoretic approach was used to investigate the relationship between behavior patterns and sound level. Results indicated that elevated sound levels affect manatee activity and are a function of behavioral state. The proportion of time manatees spent feeding and milling changed in response to sound level. When ambient sound levels were highest, more time was spent in the directed, goal-oriented behavior of feeding, whereas less time was spent engaged in undirected behavior such as milling. This work illustrates how shifts in activity of individual manatees may be useful parameters for identifying impacts of noise on manatees and might inform population level effects.